Australia lists small wallaby among new endangered species

Australia’s 2019-2020 Black Summer bushfires had a devastating impact on the country’s unique flora and fauna, with some estimates putting the death toll at nearly half a billion animals in one state alone. Australia listed a small wallaby and the grey snake among 15 new threatened species on Tuesday as it launched a zero-extinction plan… Continue reading Australia lists small wallaby among new endangered species

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Warmer stream temperatures in burned-over Oregon watershed didn’t result in fewer trout

Steelhead trout. Credit: Oregon State University The number of trout in a southern Oregon stream system showed no decline one year after a fire burned almost the entire watershed, including riparian zone trees that had helped maintain optimal stream temperatures for the cold-water fish. The research by Oregon State University sheds light on the ability… Continue reading Warmer stream temperatures in burned-over Oregon watershed didn’t result in fewer trout

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Atlas of Australian Dragon Brain Reveals Secrets of Brain Evolution

The Australian bearded dragon Pogona vitticeps. Credit: Max Planck Institute for Brain Research / G. Laurent Dragons and Brain Evolution These days, dragons are keeping Game of Thrones fans on their toes. But according to recent research conducted by Max Planck scientists on the brain of the Australian bearded dragon Pogona vitticeps, they are also offering… Continue reading Atlas of Australian Dragon Brain Reveals Secrets of Brain Evolution

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Immune cell defect tied to the risk of developing rare bacterial infection

Everyone breathes in Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) bacteria from time to time, but most people don’t get sick. These bacteria, cousins of the deadly Mycobacterium tuberculosis, tend to live out their harmless little lives in food, soil, water, or dust. Then there’s the rare person who gets very, very sick. MAC is an “opportunistic” pathogen,… Continue reading Immune cell defect tied to the risk of developing rare bacterial infection

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Stanford researchers discover a sustainable way to produce cancer-fighting compound in the lab

Stanford University researchers have discovered a rapid and sustainable way to synthetically produce a promising cancer-fighting compound right in the lab. The compound’s availability has been limited because its only currently known natural source is a single plant species that grows solely in a small rainforest region of Northeastern Australia. The compound, designated EBC-46 and… Continue reading Stanford researchers discover a sustainable way to produce cancer-fighting compound in the lab

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Mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired growth of glioblastoma cell lines caused by antimicrobial agents inducing ferroptosis under glucose starvation

Bao Z, Chen K, Krepel S, Tang P, Gong W, Zhang M, et al. High glucose promotes human glioblastoma cell growth by increasing the expression and function of chemoattractant and growth factor receptors. Transl Oncol. 2019;12:1155–63. PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  Ostrom QT, Gittleman H, Fulop J, Liu M, Blanda R, Kromer C, et al.… Continue reading Mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired growth of glioblastoma cell lines caused by antimicrobial agents inducing ferroptosis under glucose starvation

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Treatment outcome and prognostic analysis of advanced large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung

Data source and screening All data are from the SEER database (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) (https://seer.cancer.gov/), which is a database with multiple cancer statistics and is the gold standard for cancer data based on population data16, which records 28% of the US population, reports staging and histological details of all cancers, allows the study… Continue reading Treatment outcome and prognostic analysis of advanced large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung

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Parasocial relationships on YouTube reduce prejudice towards mental health issues

Implicit prejudice We had postulated that implicit prejudice would decrease for participants in the same- and different-creator conditions, but remain approximately constant for those in the control condition (Hypothesis 1). To test for changes in implicit prejudice following the disclosure videos, d scores were created from each participant IAT responses both pre- and post-intervention. The… Continue reading Parasocial relationships on YouTube reduce prejudice towards mental health issues

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Needle-free, spirulina-produced Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite vaccination provides sterile protection against pre-erythrocytic malaria in mice

World Health Organization. 2021. World Malaria Report. (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2021). Rogerson, S. J. et al. Identifying and combating the impacts of COVID-19 on malaria. BMC Med. 18, 239 (2020). CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar  Weiss, D. J. et al. Indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on malaria intervention coverage, morbidity, and mortality… Continue reading Needle-free, spirulina-produced Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite vaccination provides sterile protection against pre-erythrocytic malaria in mice

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Hydroxymethylation profile of cell-free DNA is a biomarker for early colorectal cancer

Study design This multicenter, case–control study aimed to create and assess a 5hmC-based classifier for detecting CRC, even at an early stage. Blood samples were obtained from 2483 individuals from 12 commercial suppliers covering 56 individual sites, sourced from both biobanks (~ 40%) and prospective collection (~ 60%). For each of the 12 vendors approvals were obtained… Continue reading Hydroxymethylation profile of cell-free DNA is a biomarker for early colorectal cancer

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